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Carbs in Artichokes

Nutritional Information, Glycemic Load, and Low-Carb Recipes


Updated May 16, 2014

Whole raw organic artichokes
Matthew O'Shea/Photodisc/Getty Images
Did you know that artichokes are the flower bud of a member of the thistle family?

Many of us enjoy artichoke hearts, as we can conveniently buy them in jars or cans. Watch out for the frozen ones as they often are packaged with breadcrumbs. I find people are often intimidated by the whole artichokes, but actually they are easy to prepare. Just nestle them upside down in a pot with a couple of inches of water. Cover so that they can steam until you can easily remove an outer leaf. This takes 35 minutes or so for medium artichokes, and 45-50 minutes for large ones. Some people trim the tips of the leaves, but I don't bother. Serve with mayonnaise, or this lemony garlicky butter sauce. Pluck a leaf, dip, and scrape the edible part with your teeth. When you get to the center, remove the choke with a spoon and dip the rest. The stem is not only edible, but yummy.

Carbohydrate and Fiber Counts for Artichokes

  • ½ cup artichoke hearts (about 3 oz without liquid): 3 gram effective (net) carbohydrate plus 7 grams fiber and and 45 calories
  • 1 medium cooked artichoke (120 grams drained): 4 grams effective (net) carbohydrate plus 10 grams fiber and 64 calories
  • 1 large cooked artichoke (160 grams drained): (estimate from published data) 6 grams effective (net) carbohydrate plus 11 grams fiber and 76 calories

Glycemic Index for Artichokes

As with most non-starchy vegetables, there is no scientific study of the glycemic index of artichokes.

More Information about the Glycemic Index

Estimated Glycemic Load of Artichokes

  • ½ cup artichoke hearts: 2
  • 1 medium artichoke (120 grams): 3

  • 1 large artichoke (160 grams): 4

More Information About the Glycemic Load

Health Benefits of Artichokes

Artichokes are an excellent source of fiber (much of which is soluble fiber), vitamin K and folate, a very good source of vitamin C and magnesium, and a good source of manganese and potassium. Artichokes are an excellent source of many phytonutrients, including antioxidants which may help protect our cells from damage.

Low-Carb Artichoke Recipes

More Carb Profiles:


Leroux, MarcusFoster-Powell, Kaye, Holt, Susanna and Brand-Miller, Janette. "International table of glycemic index and glycemic load values: 2002." American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Vol. 76, No. 1, 5-56, (2002).

United States Department of Agriculture. "Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) of Selected Foods - 2007". November 2007

USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 20.

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